More than 1 in 7 Adults in the United States have Chronic Kidney Disease
Many controllable lifestyle choices and other conditions contribute to loss of kidney function.
Kidneys perform the critical function of filtering wastes and extra fluid from our bodies. Kidney disease occurs in stages, with the most severe—end-stage renal disease--occurring when the kidneys are reduced to less than 15% of their optimal function. In earlier stages, noticeable symptoms may not occur, but as the disease progresses, worsening symptoms related to fluid and toxic waste build up occur:
Kidney disease is mainly diagnosed after your physician orders and analyzes a blood test that assesses your Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR), which is the rate at which kidneys filter out fluid and wastes. The lower your GFR, the more severe your kidney disease. Several other tests can be done as well:
Urine tests: can be ordered to assess level of albumin protein in urine
Imaging tests: MRIs, CTs, or ultrasounds can be done to find abnormalities in the kidneys
Kidney biopsy: a sample of your kidney may be taken to assess what kind of kidney disease a you have and how severe it is
The treatment for kidney disease, especially that which has progressed to later stages, is hemodialysis, whereby a dialysis machine takes over the kidneys and performs the function of filtering waste and excess fluids. In order to do so, the dialysis machine must be attached to the bloodstream in a manner where high blood flow rates can be achieved. This can be achieved through three different treatment options. At BEVSA, our surgeons perform three procedures to enable successful dialysis access for our patients with end-stage renal disease:
Under the skin
Not covered by skin
After your surgeon performs one of the above procedures and the access is in place, patients can undergo hemodialysis, where the dialysis machine takes blood from the patient’s body and filters out toxins and excess fluid, then returns clean blood back to the body. Depending on your dialysis access, you may require subsequent revisions to ensure that your access is functioning properly for dialysis.
Each type of dialysis access used for hemodialysis treatment of end stage renal disease has its pros and cons.
Our team is ready to help you. Call us to schedule an appointment or contact us to learn more.