Surgical Treatments for Vein Compression
Angioplasty and Stenting: Angioplasty is a procedure in which a balloon is used to open a narrowed vein. In patients with May-Thurner Syndrome, angioplasty may be used to open up the compressed iliac vein. Following angioplasty, a stent is often placed to keep the compressed vein open.
During the procedure, a balloon-tipped catheter, a long, thin plastic tube, is guided into the veins to access the compressed vessel. The balloon is then inflated to open the vessel, deflated, and removed. With vascular stenting, a stent is placed in the newly opened vein to help it remain open. The stent acts as a scaffold to keep the walls of the vein from collapsing.
This procedure can be done at our AccessCare outpatient facility with discharge home the same day.
Surgical Treatments for DVT
In addition to blood thinners, leg elevation, and exercise, surgical treatment may be necessary to remove the blood clot or prevent it from traveling to the lungs. Fortunately, you have many minimally invasive, convenient treatment options available at BEVSA that our surgeons are well trained and experienced in. Eligible patients usually have a DVT that is above the knee in the thigh or groin area and have been diagnosed with a DVT in the past month.
Thrombolysis: Thrombolysis is a procedure in which a small puncture is made in the back of the knee to access the vein. A catheter (long, thin tube) is then guided through the puncture to the site of the clot. “Clot busting” medication is then delivered to the DVT in the vein to dissolve the blood clot and re-open the vein. Sometimes, a small device is inserted in the vein to mechanically break up the clot and/or a stent is placed in the vein to keep it open and prevent swelling. This procedure occurs at Buffalo General Hospital and usually requires a patient to stay overnight to allow the clot busting medication to fully dissolve the clot.
Thrombectomy: Thrombectomy is a procedure in which a small puncture is made in the back of the knee to access the vein. A catheter (long, thin tube) is then guided through the puncture to the site of the clot. A small device is then guided on the catheter to the site of the clot. The device is then controlled by the vascular surgeon to mechanically break up, collect, and remove the clot. This procedure can be performed on its own or after a thrombolysis in the hospital. In addition, thrombectomy can be performed safely and effectively at our outpatient facility, Access Care, with discharge home the same day.
Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Filter: The inferior vena cava (IVC) is the major vein that transports deoxygenated blood from the legs to the heart and lungs. Blood clots that occur in the veins in the legs can potentially break off and travel through the IVC to the lungs and cause a life threatening condition called a pulmonary embolism. An IVC filter is a small, wired device that is placed in the IVC to filter blood. The IVC filter allows blood to travel through it while collecting blood clots and preventing them from traveling to the lungs. The filter can be placed temporarily or permanently depending on the patient's risk factors for subsequent DVTs. The IVC filter is placed through a small incision in a vein in the neck or groin and guided to the IVC. The filter has a hook on the top of it for retrieval if necessary. The procedure can be performed safely and effectively at our outpatient facility, Access Care, with discharge home the same day.